Sea turtles are large air-breathing reptiles and are one of the Earth's most ancient creatures, as they have covered vast distances across the world's oceans for 100 million years. They live in warm and temperate waters throughout the world. They are divided into seven existing species and play a vital role in the balance of marine habitats. Nearly all species of sea turtle are classified as Endangered. They suffer from poaching and over-exploitation as they are killed for their eggs, meat, skin and shells. They also face habitat destruction and accidental capture in fishing gear. It is hard to estimate their population as they are very difficult to track.
Scientific Name: Chelonioidea
Estimated population: unknown
Location: Worldwide oceans
Habitat: Tropical and subtropical beaches
Faces an extremely high risk of extinction in the immediate future.
Faces a high risk of extinction in the near future.
Faces a high risk of endangerment in the medium term.