The African penguin is a species of penguin living in southern African waters and is the only penguin species of Africa. They can swim with a speed of 20 km/h and can dive up to 130 m deep. Once very numerous, the African penguin is declining rapidly and is classified as Endangered. The species has been in decline since the beginning of the industrial age because of overfishing, habitat destruction, coastal development and a number of other human influences. Thanks to conservation effort, the population is starting to recover.
Scientific Name: Spheniscus demersus
Estimated population: 50,000
Location: South-West African Coast
Habitat: The coast and islands of southern Africa.
Faces an extremely high risk of extinction in the immediate future.
Faces a high risk of extinction in the near future.
Faces a high risk of endangerment in the medium term.