The Asian elephant is the largest living land animal in Asia. It lives in the Indian subcontinent and Southeast Asia, from India and Nepal in the west to Borneo in the south. It's slightly smaller than the African elephant and is has smaller rounded years. Asian elephants are very sociable and form groups of six to seven related females that are led by the oldest female, the matriarch. The species has been listed as Endangered since 1986. It is primarily threatened by loss of habitat and poaching.
Scientific Name: Elephas maximus
Estimated population: 35,000 - 40,000
Location: Southeast Asia
Habitat: Grassy lands around the jungle
Faces an extremely high risk of extinction in the immediate future.
Faces a high risk of extinction in the near future.
Faces a high risk of endangerment in the medium term.